The Brahmaputra River (named as the Son of the Creator of the Cosmos, in Hindu mythology) is one of the holiest rivers of the World! Possibly, the only river of the world which is considered holy by Hindus, Buddhists, Jains and Bonpas, amounting to four religions!
Not only is it a fabled holy river, but it is also one of the last mysteries solved by the Royal Geographical Society, when the origin of this river was traced from the glacial waters of the Mansarovar Lake (called a lake formed from the minds of the Gods!), but whose ending was not known and was confused to be draining into the Irrawady in Burma or, the ending was seen in Bengal, but the origin was not known, for three centuries of explorations. The lake is located at the foot of Mount Kailash, which has been the mythical home of the Gods and was one of the most hidden mountains of the world, protected to the North by the deserts of Gobi and Takla Makhan while, to the South by the highest of the Himalayan Ranges.
It was discovered that from this lake emerged four great rivers, with the Indus flowing to the North, the Sutluj to the West, the Karnali flowing as one off the main tributaries into the Holy Ganges and finally, to the east was the Brahmaputra. Draining nearly 40% of the snow melt of the great water towers of the Himalayas, this is a mighty river which in Western Tibet is called the Horse River, in Central Tibet is called the Tsangpo or, simply the river.
Further, after ending the Himalayan great mountains with the greatest gorge of the world called the Tsangpo Gorge with a depth of 22,000 feet, a chasm under the shadows of the Mt. Namche Barua, at over 7600 meters, it makes the great bend into the tribal Arunachal Pradesh where it is the Siang. A geographical discovery which was confirmed only in the beginning of last century when the disguised surveyors of British India went as spies into Tibet and threw marked logs into the river to find them lower down.
In the plains of the valley of Assam, its great spread is seen in all its glory, as the Brahmaputra.
Finally, in Bangladesh it is first called the Yamuna, then it merges with the Ganga to be called the Padma and finally, when it drains into the Bay of Bengal, it is the Meghna, where it looks like a sea itself. In monsoons, it submerges two-thirds of the land mass of Bangladesh. At the merging of the rivers Ganges, called the mother of the rivers of India and the Brahmaputra called the father of the rivers of India, it is the final meeting of the two waters after their common birth in the Changthang Plains of Tibet, at the great lake. It is due to this, that the Brahmaputra as the "Son of the Creator" and "Father of the rivers of India", is known as a male gender river.
The Brahmaputra River is the only navigable river in the world from which you can see 7400 mtrs high, snow covered Himalayan mountains. It is also the only river, apart from the River Zambezi in Africa, from which elephant, jeep and boat safaris are conducted. It is a river that spans 3 kms at it's narrowest and 40 kms at it's widest. In floods, it rises by over 8 meters and spreads another 20 kms.
With national parks, temples, monasteries, tea plantations, migratory birds, fresh water dolphins and weaver's tribal villages, it is still a world of great adventures. Having given to humanity, some of it's greatest historical adventures of the past.